Doctor Who? An ENT specialist or otolaryngologists – know your doctors and improve your vocabulary
In medicine, learning and exploring new paths never stops. While anyone with the required college degrees in medicine can be called a doctor, different doctors often opt for different specialties. These specialties help doctors have a solid career ahead of them and, as experts say, specialists are often in higher demand than regular doctors, mainly because of their expertise in the field.
For any student with an MBBS degree, their career does not start just because they have a degree. Often, they are encouraged to hone their skills towards a specialty that helps them become a master in their field.
Since we are talking about medicine and becoming a doctor as a career option, let’s take a look at what the different specialties are and what they mean.
Pediatrics – A branch of medicine that involves medical care of children/infants. Doctors who specialize in this area are called pediatricians.
Oncology – A bench of medicine that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Doctors who specialize in this area are called oncologists.
Ophthalmology – A surgical sub-specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders. Doctors who specialize in this field are called ophthalmologists.
Rheumatology – A branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and therapy of disorders of the immune system. Doctors who specialize in this area are called rheumatologists.
Nephrologist – Doctors who treat kidney problems and even advise dialysis are called nephrologists.
Neonatology – A sub-specialty of paediatrics that deals with the medical care of newborns, especially sick or premature newborns. Doctors who specialize in this field are called neonatologists.
Hematology – A branch of medicine that deals with the prevention of blood-related diseases. Doctors who specialize in this area are called Hematologists.