The Inca study found that physical activity helps control cancer

Federal expenditures for just three of the most common types of cancer in Brazil (breast, large intestine and endometrium) could be reduced by up to 20 million reais with cancer treatment, in 2040, by expanding the practice of physics of activity in the population. The data come from a study published today (29) by the National Cancer Institute (Inca), during the symposium “Physical activity in the fight against cancer: recommendations and economic implications for the SUS”, in part of the World Physical Activity Day celebrations, which took place on the last 6 days.

According to the Incas, in order to save on cancer treatment, a third of Brazilians should do at least 150 minutes of physical exercise per week, until 2030, at moderate activity.

If there are no public policies and procedures that encourage leisure-time physical activity, the total Unified Health System (USS) expenditure for these three types of cancer, which was 1.4 billion R$ in 2018, could reach 2.5 billion R$. , in 2030, and R$3.4 billion, in 2040. Expenditure takes into account inpatient and outpatient procedures performed at the SUS for cancer patients aged 30 or older. Risk factors for breast, large intestine, and endometrial cancer are lack of physical activity and inactive habits, such as watching television and using excessive cell phones or computers.

not enough

Researcher Fabio Carvalho, from the Inca Organization for Prevention and Control, said: Brazil Agency In 2019, the prevalence of insufficient leisure time fell from 92% to 70% among men and from 94% to 77% among women. Despite the decline, the values ​​of lack of physical activity among Brazilians are still high. Note that “practice is not enough”. The most appropriate scenario from a resource savings point of view would be to reduce proliferation by 10%. One could say that it is an achievable goal, because it will be in ten years.

Savings from this increase in physical activity among the population can be reused both in inpatient and outpatient business, as well as in physical activity programs. “So it’s good for everyone,” Carvalho stressed. He stressed that these measures are valid for preventing new cases of cancer, as well as for those undergoing treatment or who have already contracted the disease.

The study presented by the Incas pointed out that if the trend of increasing cases of cancer continues and the lack of physical activity among Brazilians continues, the forecasts of federal government spending on cancer treatments cancer will be around 7.8 billion reais, in 2040, compared to around 3.5 billion reais, in 2018. The forecast is that the number of new cases of cancer diagnosed in Brazil, excluding non -melanoma, will increase by 66%, in 2040, compared to 450,000 cases recorded in 2019. An increase of 81% in the number of deaths compared to With 232 thousand cancer deaths observed in 2021.

protection

Researcher Thena Alves Malhau, from the Inca Organization for Prevention and Surveillance, analyzed that it is possible to draw a different scenario, since between 80% and 90% of cancer cases are preventable, with mode changes of life. The Incas claim that primary prevention is related to disease control. “Cancer can be prevented by physical activity and a healthy diet,” said Fabio Carvalho.

During the event, the Guide to Physical Activity and Cancer: Recommendations for Prevention and Control was presented, which was prepared thanks to an institutional partnership between the Incas, the Brazilian Society of Clinical Oncology ( Sboc) and the Brazilian Society for Physical Activity and Health ( Sbafs). The guide can be consulted by anyone interested who can understand that physical activity is very important for cancer prevention, added Fabio Carvalho, which targets SUS managers.

The director general of Inca, Ana Cristina Pinho, stressed that the role of the institute, which is linked to the Ministry of Health, is to inform the population that cancer is preventable in most cases. According to Anna Cristina, today’s event aims to encourage good daily habits and demonstrate the positive effects of primary prevention, which can translate into savings in SUS expenses.

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